Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal

Combining a parkland, a Biosphere Reserve and a Tiger Reserve, the Sundarbans parkland is found within the Indian State of West Bengal. The mangrove forests are a neighborhood of the bigger Sundarbans and lies in shut proximity to the Sundarbans reserve forests within the neighboring republic of Bangladesh. The parkland was established in 1984 and is basically comprised of swamps, rivers and mangrove forests of the Ganges Delta.


The parkland is spread across a massive 1,330 sq kilometers and is encircled by a complete of seven rivers with their various channels and estuaries that transverse these mangrove forests. The mangrove forests of Sundarbans are comprised of the special and exquisite Sundari Trees that exhibit the ‘mangrove spikes’ that helps the tree with respiration once the forests are waterlogged.

Climatic Conditions

Being near to the Bay of Bengal, the forests are vulnerable to significant rainfalls throughout the monsoon month from mid-July to mid-September. The winds from the Bay of Bengal build the temperature moderate however extraordinarily wet upto e80 % humidity. The typical temperature ranges between twenty degrees to forty degrees Celsius. One should watch out because the areas are vulnerable to cyclones, particularly throughout the months of may and Oct.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit the Sundarbans National Park is between December and February as the weather is the most pleasant. The park however is open all year round but is mostly avoided during the monsoons due to flooding and increased predator activities. The climate between December and February is cool and temperate with the least humidity of all the months.

Wildlife at Sundarbans National Park

Being a biosphere reserve and a part of the world’s largest inland mangrove forests, The Sundarbans National Park houses a wide verity of flora and fauna, with several rare and endangered species of animals, birds and reptiles and marine life.


Animals – Royal Bengal Tiger, Fishing Cats, Macaques, Wild Boar, Indian Grey Mongoose, Indian Flying Fox, Pangolin, Chital, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Indian Muntjac and Rhesus Macaque etc.

Birds – Peregrine falcons, Woodpeckers, Whimbrels, Black-tailed Godwits, Little Stints, Eastern Knots, Curlews, Golden Plovers, Open-bill storks, black-capped kingfishers, Gray Herons, Common Snipes, Wood Sandpipers, Green pigeons, Rose Ringed Parakeets, black-headed ibis, Water Hens, Coots, Pheasant-tailed Jacanas, Pariah Kites, Brahminy Kite, Marsh Harriers, Swamp Partridges, Red Jungle fowls, Spotted Doves, Common Mynahs, Jungle Crows, Jungle Babblers, Cotton Teals, Herring Gulls, paradise-flycatchers, cormorants, Grey-headed Fish Eagles, White-bellied Sea Eagles, Caspian Terns, Seagulls, Common Kingfishers, Northern Pintails, White-eyed Pochards and Whistling teals etc. are found here.

Image by Kingshuk Mondaljoiseyshowaa under CC License.


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